The HOLF War College provides a standing inventory of articles and historical references for use by the members of the Players Guild and provides the portal for the School of Advanced Studies. On the left panel are the navigation tools for using the War College Library. On the right panel are the navigation tools for students and instructors of the School of Advanced Studies. The Library articles are open to all viewers of this web site. Attendence to the School of Advanced Studies is by invitation only. If you would like to write an article for the War College Library contact the Library Curator at

Battle of Abensberg, (20 April 1809)

Napoleon's opening advance in his counterattack against the Austrian army under Archduke Charles in Bavaria in April 1809. Based at Abensberg 25 kilometers southwest of Ratisbon, Napoleon directed two forces, a provisional corps under Marshal Jean Lannes toward Rohr and a Rheinbund force (that is, a force from the Confederation of the Rhine) under Marshal François Lefebvre toward Schweinbach, striking the weakest point in the Austrian line and splitting it in two.

Hanover versus Prussia

Actually, Prussia and Hanover, the latter backed by Britain, nearly did square off in 1729. It seems the Elector of Hanover (George II) was ticked off over Prussian recruiting officers kidnapping Hanoverian subjects for service in Frederick William's army. He threw at least one of the offenders into prison. There was a period of tension then the Prussians backed off and Hanoverian subjects were reasonably safe. I have wondered if this event might have influenced the Prussians to develop a less haphazard means of recruitment by establishing the canton system, which was set up in 1732.

Suggested Reading for School of Advanced Studies

The following articles are ACW era historical doctrinal research compiled for players of Civil War OnLine (CWOL). They are presented here for reference and use as part of the Advance Studies Course. They apply general tactical theory that is applicable to the CWOL environment.


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